Manual Testing Interview Questions and answers


Question.1  What is the difference between the QA and software testing?
Answer:   The role of QA (Quality Assurance) is to monitor the quality of the process to produce a quality of a product. While the software testing, is the process of ensuring the final product and check the functionality of final product and to see whether the final product meets the user’s requirement.
Question.2  What is Testware?
Answer:    Testware is the subset of software, which helps in performing the testing of application.  It is a term given to the combination of software application and utilities which is required for testing a software package.
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Question.3  What is the difference between build and release?
Answer:  Build: It is a number given to Installable software that is given to testing team by the development team.
Release: It is a number given to Installable software that is handed over to customer by the tester or developer.
Question.4  What are the automation challenges that QA team faces while testing?
Answer:  Exploitation of automation tool
Frequency of use of test case
Reusability of Automation script
Adaptability of test case for automation
Question.5  What is bug leakage and bug release?
Answer:  Bug release is when software or an application is handed over to the testing team knowing that the defect is present in a release.  During this the priority and severity of bug is low, as bug can be removed before the final handover.
Bug leakage is something, when the bug is discovered by the end users or customer, and missed by the testing team to detect, while testing the software.
Question.6   What is data driven testing?
Answer:  Data driven testing is an automation testing part, which tests the output or input values. These values are read directly from the data files. The data files may include csv files, excel files, data pools and many more. It is performed when the values are changing by the time.
Question.7   Explain the steps for Bug Cycle?
Answer:  Once the bug is identified by the tester, it is assigned to the development manager in open status. If the bug is a valid defect the development team will fix it and if it is not a valid defect, the defect will be ignored and marked as rejected . The next step will be to check whether it is in scope, if it is happen so that, the bug is not the part of the current release then the defects are postponed.
If the defect or bug is raised earlier then the tester will assigned a DUPLICATE status
When bug is assigned to developer to fix, it will be given a IN-PROGRESS status
Once the defect is repaired, the status will changed to FIXED at the end the tester will give CLOSED status if it passes the final test.
Question.8  What does the test strategy include?
Answer:  The test strategy includes introduction, resource, scope and schedule for test activities, test tools, test priorities, test planning and the types of test that has to be performed.
Question.9  Mention the different types of software testing?
Answer:
Unit testing
Integration testing and regression testing
Shakeout testing
Smoke testing
Functional testing
Performance testing
White box and Black box testing
Alpha and Beta testing
Load testing and stress testing
System testing
Question.10  What is branch testing and what is boundary testing?
Answer:  The testing of all the branches of the application, which is tested once, is known as branch testing.  While the testing, which is focused on the limit conditions of the software is known as boundary testing.
Question.11  What are the contents in test plans and test cases?
Answer:
Testing objectives
Testing scope
Testing the frame
The environment
Reason for testing
The criteria for entrance and exit
Deliverables
Risk factors
Question.12   What is Agile testing and what is the importance of Agile testing?
Answer:   Agile testing is software testing, which involves the testing of the software from the customer point of view.  The importance of this testing is that, unlike normal testing process, this testing does not wait for development team to complete the coding first and then doing testing. The coding and testing both goes simultaneously.  It requires continuous customer interaction.
It works on SDLC ( Systems Development Life Cycle) methodologies, it means that the task is divided into different segments and compiled at the end of the task.
Question.13  What is Test case?
Answer:   Test case is a specific term that is used to test a specific element.  It has information of test steps, prerequisites, test environment and outputs.
Question.14  What is the strategy for Automation Test Plan?
Answer:  The strategy for Automation Test Plan
Preparation of Automation Test Plan
Recording the scenario
Error handler incorporation
Script enhancement by inserting check points and looping constructs
Debugging the script and fixing the issues
Rerunning the script
Reporting the result
Question.15   What is quality audit?
Answer:   The systematic and independent examination for determining the quality of activities is known as quality audit.  It allows the cross check for the planned arrangements, whether they are properly implemented or not.
Question.16  How does a server or client environment affect software testing?
Answer:   As the dependencies on the clients are more, the client or server applications are complex.
The testing needs are extensive as servers, communications and hardware are interdependent. Integration and system testing is also for a limited period of time.
Question.17   What are the tools used by a tester while testing?
Answer:
Selenium
Firebug
OpenSTA
WinSCP
YSlow for FireBug
Web Developer toolbar for firebox
Question.18   Explain stress testing, load testing and volume testing?
Answer:   Load Testing: Testing an application under heavy but expected load is known as Load Testing.  Here, the load refers to the large volume of users, messages, requests, data, etc.
Stress Testing: When the load placed on the system is raised or accelerated beyond the normal range then it is known as Stress Testing.
Volume Testing:  The process of checking the system, whether the system can handle the required amounts of data, user requests, etc. is known as Volume Testing.
Question.19   What are the five common solutions for software developments problems?
Answer:   Setting up the requirements criteria, the requirements of a software should be complete, clear and agreed by all.  The next thing is the realistic schedule like time for planning , designing, testing, fixing bugs and re-testing Adequate testing, start the testing immediately after one or more modules development. Use rapid prototype during design phase so that it can be easy for customers to find what to expect  Use of group communication tools

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